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STI Testing

Sexually transmissible infections (STIs) are infections that you can get if you have unprotected sex with someone.

Our nurses and doctors can help with testing and treatment.

If you're concerned you may have a sexually transmissible infection (STI) or you want to reassure yourself (and your partner) before starting a new relationship, our nurses and doctors can help with testing and treatment.

A urine test might be all you need to do for an STI test

Many STIs have no symptoms or signs that you are unwell. Some STIs have symptoms such as a discharge from the vagina or penis, pain in the lower abdomen, or sore testicles. These symptoms need to be checked.

The nurse or doctor will ask a few questions so they know what tests you need. They will probably ask:

  • how long since your last STI check
  • if you have any symptoms
  • if you've had a recent change of partner
  • what types of sex you've had.

It's important to be honest - and to remember they've heard it all before.

FEMALE STI TESTS

For women who've had vaginal sex with a man, STI testing will usually include taking samples from high inside the vagina. This is done using a swab which looks like a long cotton bud.

A urine test may be all that's needed to test for an STI.

Testing may include:

  • an examination to see if an infection is present
  • a swab test from any sores, ulcers or discharge
  • a urine test which will be sent away for testing
  • a blood test
  • an internal examination of the vagina.

These results can take a week.

MALE STI TESTS

If you’re a male you shouldn’t pee (urinate) for two hours before you go for a test.

Testing may include:

  • checking the genitals (penis, scrotum and testes) to see if there is an infection
  • a urine test which will be sent away for testing.
  • a swab of the urethra. This will also be sent away for testing
  • a blood test
  • oral swabs (if you have given oral sex)
  • anal swabs (if you have received during anal sex).

These results can take a week.

TREATMENT FOR STIS

Most STIs are easily treated and many are treated with antibiotics. Some will respond best to a cream and others to tablets. Some STIs can be treated but not cured.

 

Family Planning has clinics located throughout New Zealand. Use the clinic finder to find your nearest clinic.

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