Cystitis is a bacterial infection that can affect the genital area. This page outlines the symptoms and the treatment.

What is it?

Cystitis is a bacterial infection causing inflammation of the bladder lining. The infection can spread to the kidneys and damage kidney function.

How do you get it?

You can get cystitis through bacteria from around the anus getting into the urethra and bladder. It can also be caused through not emptying the bladder properly. Cystitis is much more common in women than in men.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of cystitis include:

  • burning sensation when weeing (urinating)
  • urinating more often than usual
  • feeling of urgency to urinate
  • cloudy or blood-stained urine
  • aching in the lower abdomen.

How is it treated?

Cystitis is treated with antibiotics. You will need to drink plenty of water. You can also use pain relief and urine alkalisers, for example Ural or Citravescent.

How will it impact my partner/s?

Partners do not need treatment.

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